Monday, 31 May 2010
The 1954 FIFA World Cup Final was the final match of the 1954 FIFA World Cup, the fifth FIFA World Cup. The match was played at the Wankdorf Stadium in Berne, Switzerland, on 4 July 1954. The game saw the underdogs West Germany beat the largely favoured Hungary 3–2. In Germany, it is referred to as "Das Wunder von Bern" ("The Miracle of Berne"). The game was the subject of a 2003 German film of the same name.
The restored match clock has been installed in front of the Stade de Suisse as a memorial.
The Mighty Magyars
A well-known photograph of the 1954 final is installed in front of the Wankdorf's successor stadium, the Stade de Suisse.
Hungary, with their legendary Mighty Magyars, were huge favourites to win the 1954 Tournament. In the five years prior to the World Cup 1954 they had remained unbeaten in 32 games, were reigning Olympic Champions and winners of the Central European International Cup teams in 1953. In 1953 they defeated England 6–3, becoming the first non-UK team to beat them at Wembley Stadium. Shortly after that England had received another humiliating defeat, losing 7–1 to Hungary in Budapest just before the World Cup.
Drawn in the same group in the first round, Hungary and West Germany already met in the group stage. Hungary easily won this match on a 8–3 scoreline. However, as Germany would have to re-play Turkey in a play-off game, German coach Herberger fielded a reserve team. These players were not able to weather the Hungarian prowess, but by not fielding the strongest eleven, Herberger managed to obscure the real strength of the German team. In the group match against Germany, Hungarian captain Ferenc Puskás was injured and missed the following games of his team. Nevertheless, even without him playing the Magyars beat Brazil and Uruguay, the runners-up and winners of the 1950 World Cup in the quarter final and semi final, respectively. Thus, they had reached the Final, to be played at Berne's Wankdorf Stadium.
 The unfancied Germans
Prior to 1954, Germany’s World Cup record was modest, a third place in the 1934 World Cup the pinnacle of their achievements. Germany was among those European nations who had not sent a team to Uruguay in 1930, citing economic reasons. After the disaster of the 1936 Summer Olympics where a hapless German team succumbed to a 0–2 loss to Norway in the quarter-final, new coach Sepp Herberger had formed a quite successful German team in 1937, nicknamed the "Breslau-Elf" (Breslau Eleven) after beating Denmark 8–0 in Breslau. Just prior to the 1938 World Cup, Austrian players were ordered to join the German team as Austria became part of the German Empire in the so called Anschluss. This "united" German team was surprisingly knocked out in the first round of the 1938 World Cup after two unsuccessful games against Switzerland.
After the Second World War, the three German states (West and East Germany and the Saar) of that time were not allowed to compete in the 1950 World Cup. Thus, the qualification games for the 1954 World Cup were the first return of the then west German national squad to international competitions. Many of the players on the German team were experienced but old, playing for the German club 1. FC Kaiserslautern who had lost the German Championship final prior to the World Cup against Hannover 96, in a 1–5 upset. That loss led the German public to give their national team only slim chances to even progress from the group stage of the tournament. However, the hard-earned 2–0 victory over Yugoslavia in the quarter final gave the team a boost leading them to a stunning 6–1 victory over Austria in the semi final.
 The Match
The restored match clock has been installed in front of the Stade de Suisse as a memorial.
The Wankdorf Stadion in Berne was packed with a crowd of 64,000 people, eagerly anticipating the encounter between the two teams. The match was played in heavy rain, weather conditions the German side had christened "Fritz Walter-weather", as the German team captain Fritz Walter was known for playing his best football under those conditions. When it had rained a few days before the final, German coach Sepp Herberger had sent his players out to practice during heavy rain, as if foreseeing the weather conditions. In addition, the Germans were equipped with footwear supplied by adidas, which had produced a hitherto unheard of design of boot with exchangeable, screw-in studs that could be adapted to any weather. This enabled the German players to wear their regular boots despite the adverse weather.
Although he was not fully fit in time, Ferenc Puskás was back in the Hungarian lineup for the final match, and he put his team ahead after only six minutes. When Zoltán Czibor added the second goal for Hungary a mere two minutes later, the pre-tournament favourites seemed destined to ease to victory over Germany, just as they had in the group, and take the trophy.
However, Germany did not give up and equalised quickly, with goals from Max Morlock (10') and Helmut Rahn (18'). Having leveled the scores, the Germans now looked a match for the Hungarians and managed to reach half time at 2–2, both teams having missed several promising chances to take the lead. In the second half, the Hungarians poured forward looking to retake the lead, but their attempts were repeatedly foiled by the German defence with goalkeeper Toni Turek pulling off several fine saves.
With six minutes left and the Germans still holding out at 2–2, German striker Helmut Rahn, nicknamed "The Boss" reached the ball on a speculative German attack 20 yards in front of the Hungarian goal. Deceiving the Hungarian defender by shooting with his weaker left foot, he scored West Germany's third goal with an accurate drive to the bottom left of the goal, leaving Hungarian goalkeeper Grosics no chance. Two minutes before the end, Puskás equalised once more, but his goal was ruled off-side by the Welsh linesman Benjamin Griffiths. The match and Hungary’s unbeaten run ended in one of the biggest upsets in the history of football.
The 1950 FIFA World Cup, held in Brazil from 24 June to 16 July, was the fourth FIFA World Cup, and the first staged in 12 years due to World War II. Brazil was chosen as the host country by FIFA in July 1946. It was also the first tournament that the trophy itself would be referred to as the Jules Rimet Cup, to mark the 25th anniversary of Rimet's presidency of FIFA. It was won by Uruguay, who had won the inaugural competition in 1930, clinching the cup by beating the hosts Brazil 2–1 in the deciding match of the four-team final group (this was the only tournament not decided by a one-match final).
Because of World War II, the World Cup had not been staged since 1938; the planned World Cups of 1942 and 1946 were both cancelled. After the war, FIFA were keen to resurrect the competition as soon as possible, and they began making plans for a World Cup tournament to take place. In the aftermath of the war, much of Europe lay in ruins. As a result, FIFA had some difficulties finding a country interested in hosting the event, since many governments believed that the world scenario did not favour a sportive celebration, and also (more importantly) that the resources that would have to be put into organizing the World Cup could not be diverted from other more urgent fronts. For some time, the World Cup was at risk of not being held for sheer lack of interest from the international community, until Brazil presented a bid at the 1946 FIFA Congress, offering to host the event on condition that the tournament take place in 1950 (it was originally planned to take place in 1949). Brazil and Germany had been the leading bidders to host the cancelled 1942 World Cup; since both the 1934 and 1938 tournaments had been held in Europe, football historians generally agree that the 1942 event would most likely have been awarded to a South American host country. Brazil's new bid was very similar to the mooted 1942 bid and was quickly accepted.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A total of 37 teams entered the 1938 FIFA World Cup qualification rounds, competing for a total of 16 spots in the final tournament. For the first time the title holders and the host country were given automatic qualification. Therefore, France, as the hosts, and Italy, as the defending champions, qualified automatically, leaving 14 spots open for competition.
Due to the Spanish Civil War, Spain withdrew from the competition. The remaining 34 teams were divided into 12 groups, based on geographical considerations, as follows:
* Groups 1 to 9 - Europe: 11 places, contested by 23 teams (including Egypt and Palestine).
* Groups 10 and 11 - The Americas: 2 places, contested by 9 teams.
* Group 12 - Asia: 1 place, contested by 2 teams.
However, due to the withdrawal of Austria after qualifying (they had been annexed by Germany), only 15 teams actually competed in the final tournament. FIFA did not offer participation to the runner-up of the group that Austria had played in, Latvia.
A total of 21 teams played at least one qualifying match. A total of 22 qualifying matches were played, and 96 goals were scored (an average of 4.36 per match).
Fifa World cup 1934
* Teams: 16
* When: 27 May 1934 to 10 June 1934
* Final: 10 June 1934
* Matches: 17
* Goals Scored: 70 (average 4.1 per match)
* Attendance: 358000 (average 21058)
+ Winner: Italy
+ Runners-Up: Czechoslovakia
+ Third: Germany
+ Fourth: Austria
+ Golden Shoe: Oldrich NEJEDLY (TCH)
Hosts Italy became the first European winners of the FIFA World Cup™ when the second chapter of the fledgling competition unfolded in 1934.
It was a tournament on a bigger scale than four years before, with eight host cities compared with one and live radio broadcasts taking the action to listeners in 12 of the competing countries. Yet as in Uruguay, it was the home side who took the spoils, goals from Raimondo Orsi and Angelo Schiavio helping Vittorio Pozzo's Italy secure a 2-1 comeback triumph against Czechoslovakia in the Final in Rome.
After the success of the first FIFA World Cup, there was now a 32-team preliminary round to decide the 16 finalists. In the only instance of its kind, Italy had to qualify for their own tournament by defeating Greece. Mexico provided another one-off by travelling to the finals but not playing a single game. Although they had initially beaten Cuba to earn a place, a late application by the United States left the unlucky Mexicans facing another qualifier on arrival in Rome and they lost out 4-2.
Uruguay were the most notable omission from the lineup of contenders, having declined to participate in retaliation for Italy's refusal to travel in 1930 – thereby creating another footnote in the history books as the only holders not to defend their prize. The South American teams that did make the long journey were soon bound for home as Argentina and Brazil, both fielding under-strength sides, suffered first-round losses to Sweden and Spain respectively.
Argentina, who featured no survivors from 1930, had been unhappy to lose several key players to Italian football, among them midfielder Luisito Monti, who had appeared in the Final four years earlier. He would now play his part in Italy's victory along with Atilio DeMaria, Enrico Guaita and Orsi – all fellow 'oriundi', players of Italian descent now returned from South America.
Orsi scored twice and Schiavio a hat-trick as Italy, well prepared by the authoritarian Pozzo, made an emphatic start by thrashing the United States 7-1 in Rome. It was the biggest win of the tournament but not the only eye-catching performance of the first round. Egypt, the first African representatives on the world stage, retrieved a two-goal deficit against Hungary before eventually succumbing 4-2. France, meanwhile, supplied unexpectedly obdurate opposition for Austria, taking the lead against the Wunderteam before losing out 3-2 after extra time.
Austria underline credentials
Austria rivalled Italy for the tag of tournament favourites. Coach Hugo Meisl had refined the short passing game introduced to central Europe by Englishman Jimmy Hogan and, with an attack orchestrated by the so-called 'Paper Man', the frail but graceful Matthias Sindelar, they had underlined their credentials by beating the Italians 4-2 in Florence four months before. However, there was little opportunity for flowing football in an ill-tempered quarter-final success over neighbours Hungary that was likened to a "street battle" by one contemporary account.
Nor did the conditions facilitate their favoured passing game in the ensuing semi-final against Italy where Sindelar's threat was stymied by the close-marking Monti. On a wet, heavy pitch, the hosts prevailed through Guaita's solitary first-half strike, showing admirable stamina in what was their third match in four days following a hard-fought quarter-final contest with Spain.
The Azzurri had battled back to draw 1-1 with Spain when the sides met on 31 May. Twenty-four hours later they squared off again – with Spain goalkeeper Zamora absent from the much-changed lineups – and this time Giuseppe Meazza, a forward so good they named the San Siro after him, scored the only goal. The Spanish headed home pointing to disallowed efforts in both games but that did not matter to an Italian public swept up in a mood of nationalistic fervour.
Of the 367,000 spectators who passed through the turnstiles, more than half of that number were for the home nation's five matches, which averaged 37,600 fans. Such was the desire of Italy's fascist leader Benito Mussolini to showcase his country's strengths, he even had an additional trophy commissioned – the Coppa Del Duce, whose dimensions dwarfed the real thing.
Italy's opponents in the Final in Rome on 10 June would be Czechoslovakia. Like Austria, they were pupils of the 'Danubian school' of short passing and had noted performers at both ends of the field in goalkeeper Frantisek Planicka and forward Oldrich Nejedly, whose five goals earned him the Golden Shoe. After a narrow first-round victory over Romania, they had needed to come from behind to defeat Switzerland 3-2 in the last eight, Nejedly grabbing a late winner. The same player's hat-trick then secured a 3-1 semi-final triumph over a Germany side who gained some consolation by claiming the bronze medal at Austria's expense.
Nejedly did not score in the Final but Puc did, the Czech winger stunning most of the 50,000 crowd in the PNF Stadium with a low drive that put the underdogs ahead with just 14 minutes remaining. Italy almost conceded a second when Svoboda struck the frame of the goal but instead, in the 81st minute, they were level as Orsi's freakish shot swerved past Planicka.
Into extra time and Pozzo showed he was more than a mere disciplinarian, his instructions to Guaita and Schiavino to switch positions bearing fruit as the pair combined for the winner. From Meazza's cross, Guaita played in Schiavino and he found the back of the net. Italy were world champions for the first time.
The 1930 FIFA World Cup final was thus contested between the finalists from the 1928 Olympics, Uruguay and Argentina.
The final was played at the Estadio Centenario on July 30. The stadium gates were opened at eight o'clock, six hours before kick-off, and at noon the ground was full, officially holding 93,000 people. A disagreement overshadowed the build-up to the match as the teams disagreed on who should provide the match ball, forcing FIFA to intervene and decree that the Argentine team would provide the ball for the first half and the Uruguayans would provide their own for the second. The game ended 4-2 to Uruguay (who had trailed 2-1 at half time) who added the title World Cup winners to the mantle of Olympic Champions, as Jules Rimet presented the World Cup Trophy, which was later named for him. The following day was declared a national holiday in Uruguay; in the Argentinian capital Buenos Aires a mob threw stones at the Uruguayan consulate.
Only one player from that final, Francisco Varallo (who played as a striker for Argentina), is still alive as of 5 February 2010
Friday, 28 May 2010
Friday, 21 May 2010
McDonald's SINGAPORE have another option to watch 2010 World Cup matches for free.
will be screening live matches of the 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa at it's 24-hour restaurants in the lion city.
A total of 34 outlets in the city and heartlands like Ang Mo Kio and Bedok will be screening the matches despite the recent announcement on the price hike for rights to publicly screen the World Cup matches.
"Over the years, our restaurants have become friendly football hubs in many neighbourhoods, as football fans gather with their buddies and families to catch the World Cup or Barclays Premier League match screenings over their McDonald's favourites.
"This year, we are more excited than ever about bringing the World Cup action to life - we anticipate our restaurants to be an even more popular choice for football fans who want to catch the World Cup action on TV for free," said Agatha Yap, Marketing Director for McDonald's Singapore.
In addition, McDonald's has also teamed up with the Coca-Cola Company to bring customers a limited edition Coca-Cola Contour Glass series with the World Cup theme. The six different coloured glasses are each embossed with official 2010 FIFA World Cup football figures, carrying a different football pose showing a bicycle kick, header, kick, save, volley and strike.
The promotion will kick off before the matches on 3 June, whilst stocks last.
List of McDonald's restaurants with World Cup screenings:
- McDonald's Ang Mo Kio Ave 10
Blk 448 #01-1693, Ang Mo Kio Avenue 10, S(560448)
- McDonald's Ang Mo Kio 4
Block 163, Ang Mo Kio, Avenue 4 #01-438, S(560163)
- McDonald's Ang Mo Kio
51 Ang Mo Kio Avenue 3 #01-04, 51 @ AMK, S(569922)
- McDonald's Ang Mo Kio Park
10 Ang Mo Kio Street 12, S( 567740)
- McDonald's Bukit Batok
Blk 632 Bukit Batok Central, #01-138/#01-140 / #01-142, S(650632)
- McDonald's Bedok Interchange
Blk 445 Bedok North St 1, Princess Cinema, S(469661)
- McDonald's Bedok North
Blk 539 #01-643, Bedok North Street 3, S(460539)
- McDonald's Bedok Reservoir
Blk 632 #01-850, Bedok Reservoir Road, S(470632)
- McDonald's Bendemeer
Block 22, Boon Keng Road, #01-01, S(320022)
- McDonald's Chua Chu Kang CC
35 Teck Whye Avenue #01-01, Chua Chu Kang Community Club, S(688892)
- McDonald's DownTown East
Downtown East, 1 Pasir Ris Close, #01-28A, S(519599)
- McDonald's East Coast Parkway
1000 East Coast Parkway, Marine Cove, S(449876)
- McDonald's Fajar
Blk 445 Fajar Road, #01-520, S(670445)
- McDonald's Farrer Road
10 Jalan Serene #01-01, Serene Centre, S(258748)
- McDonald's Geylang East Central
Blk 113 Aljunied Ave 2, #01-01, S(380113)
- McDonald's Hougang
Blk 208 #01-217, Hougang Street 21, S(530208)
McDonald's Hougang 8
Block 684 Hougang Avenue 8, #01-999, S(530684)
- McDonald's Jurong Bowl
1 Yuan Ching Road, Jurong Family Bowl, S(618640)
- McDonald's Jurong East 24
Blk 256 Jurong East Street 24, #01-381, S(600256)
- McDonald's Kallang
200 Stadium Boulevard, S(397726)
- McDonald's Northpoint
#01-02 Northpoint Shopping Centre, 930 Yishun Avenue 2, S(769098)
- McDonald's Pioneer Mall
Blk 638 #01-01/02, Jurong West Street 61, S(640638)
- McDonald's Queensway
Queensway #01-580, Ridout Tea Garden, S(149066)
- McDonald's Shaw Centre
No. 1 Scotts Road, #01-03 & #01-08 Shaw Centre & Outdoor Cafe
- McDonald's SengKang Rivervale
Blk 118 Rivervale Drive #01-32, S(540118)
- McDonald's Serangoon Avenue 3
Blk 267 Serangoon Ave 3, #01-37, S(550267)
- McDonald's Sun Plaza
30 Sembawang Drive #01-19 Sun Plaza, S(757713)
- McDonald's Tampines
Blk 513 Tampines Central 1, #01-150, S(520513)
- McDonald's Tampines East CC
10 Tampines St 23, #01-01, Tampines East Community Centre, S(529341)
- McDonald's Tampines Neighborhood 3
No. 5 Tampines Street 32, #01-01, S(529284)
- McDonald's Toa Payoh Central
600 Toa Payoh Lorong 4, #01-02, S(319515)
- McDonald's Toa Payoh Lorong 1
Blk 109 Toa Payoh Lorong 1, #01-318, S(310109)
- McDonald's Tampines West CC
5 Tampines Avenue 3, #01-07, S(529705)
- McDonald's West Coast Park
71 West Coast Highway, S(126844)
This list is accurate as of 21 May. McDonald's reserves the rights to changes
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa features 199 participating nations and even lets fans rewrite history by changing the final tournament line up if they so choose.
Visual and audio effects are a real highlight as every match really looks, feels and sounds like a real Cup game. English commentary by Clive Tyldesley and Andy Gray is outstanding, giving an authentic feel to the game together with roaring fans and confetti-lined fields.
The World Cup could be vulnerable to a terrorist attack, despite repeated South African assurances that the tournament is safe and the discovery of what looks like a half-baked plot hatched in Iraq.
The recent arrest in Iraq of Abdullah Azzam al-Qahtani, an alleged al Qaeda supporter who says he was planning an attack on the Dutch and Danish teams, has revived debate on whether the soccer spectacular in South Africa faces a threat of this kind.
South African officials have long said their respected non-aligned status and the lack of any substantial local support for militant groups should insulate them from terrorism.
Both the government and soccer's governing body FIFA, which is cooperating with foreign security agencies and Interpol, say no viable threat has been identified.
Although most experts say Qahtani's scheme appeared far from posing a serious threat, they believe terrorism cannot be ruled out because of the huge attention that even a small attack would get during the June 11-July 11 World Cup.
"It is the biggest sports event in the world. Although South Africa might think we are beyond the interests of groups like al Qaeda, the event is the target, not the country," said Anneli Botha, from the Institute of Security Studies in Pretoria.
"What makes South Africa so unique? Yes, we are not involved in Iraq or Afghanistan, but unfortunately the tremendous media coverage you are going to get will definitely attract not only al Qaeda but I think even smaller groups," she told Reuters.
Yet the striker with dazzling footwork was absent when Brazil coach Dunga announced his 23-man roster for next month's World Cup. The only way Ronaldinho will get to South Africa is if someone gets hurt.
He won't be the only big name missing from the World Cup, either. Whether because of injury, retirement, failure to qualify or a flat-out snub, here are six more who will be on the sidelines. Among the others: